What is Asbestos and Why is it dangerous?
Asbestos is a natural silicate mineral that is a endurance adjuvant and is used as an isolation material in many different building materials. Once it was called “Magnificent Fiber” however, having seen its effect on health leads it to be called as “Killer Dust”.
3 basic types of commercially used asbestos;
Chrysotile which is also known as white asbestos
Amosite which is also known as brown asbestos
Crocidolite which is also known as blue asbestos
Asbestos is as cheap, light, abundant and high temperature resistant as anything that cannot be compared something in the past or present. Also it is most preferred and used material as being high resistant against electrical, abrasion and chemical; having developer characteristic the quality of the some materials, being used in the context of different shapes and product. The problem is, with the dissolution of asbestos fibers, it to causes disease in the human body. Asbestos fibers have a crystal structure. When the fibers are processed mechanically, the fibers may spread over a large area by dividing in increasingly elongated and thin. If inhaled during usage, it is difficult to breakage of the fibers in the body or dispose from the body.
Its types can be dangerous, however, it is known that blue and brown aspestoses are more dangerous than white asbestos. The types of asbestos cannot only be described with their colors. The color and appearance of asbestos may change when it interacts with temperature or chemical, or combined with other substances.
Most people are not infected with low amounts of asbestos in the atmosphere. If it occurs in higher concentrations over a time, asbestos fibers and contact can potentially cause Lung Cancer, Pleural Effusion, Calcification, Lung Membrane Thickness, Connective Tissue Formation in Lung Tissue and many other diseases. Disease symptoms may occur even after 30 years, even 40 years after asbestos exposure.
Where is Asbestos?
Today, most products are produced without asbestos. However, many building products and insulation materials that were produced before 2000’s contain asbestos. If your building or facility was builded before 2000’s, there is a possibility of asbestos existence. Asbestos was widely used in construction materials between the years 1950-2000.
Some areas that you may encounter with asbestos:
-Regions that has heat and sound insulation
– Fire doors, fire hoses and blankets, gloves
– Boiler room, engine room, furnace flues
– Hot water / steam lines
– Asbestos-cement sheets and panels
– Brake and clutch linings
– Asbestos fabrics
– All kinds of insulation material
– Seals, gaskets and linings
– Asbestos-containing roofing materials
– Asbestos-containing cement and water supply lines
– Floor coverings and ceiling materials
– Rain gutters, eaves, porches, and in many other areas.
What Should Be Done?
First of all households, workers and owners of building or facility should identify the type of asbestos in the environment and make Asbestos Management Plan for the control of asbestos exposure. Asbestos disassembly is a next process. All information in your the management plan must be reported.
Defining the type of asbestos is not a simple laboratory test. Comprehensive laboratory analysis-es are required. Until it is determined which type of asbestos that is often found in the complex structure , should be approached with the idea that it contains blue and brown asbestos which are the most dangerous type of asbestos and precautions should be taken.
Asbestos material damage and deterioration of the situation in your buildings should be inspected periodically. Which type of material how should be disposaled or disassembled should be decided by the specialized experts
The only way that you can see the material which contains asbestos is a label on the material that says “Contains Asbestos”. Asbestos sampling and analysis should be performed by competent personnel. If sampling is done in the wrong way, fragmented and distorted forms of asbestos in building materials might be more harmful than the previous case. Until you get the results of the analysis you should be assumed the materials as asbestos-containing.